Different Types of Electric Bikes | All You Should Know

Different Types of Electric Bikes | All You Should Know

With the rise in electric bike adoption, manufacturers produce diverse bike designs to meet the needs of several consumers. As a result, it is crucial to know the types of electric bikes in the market system before shopping for one. Due to electric bikes' wide availability, they are classified based on several elements. These include the classes, throttle type, terrain, and flexibility. Read on to discover how electric bikes are categorized based on these factors.

Electric Bike Types: Class One - Class Three

Electric bikes have three classes, and they are all considered bicycles. Thus, all the classes can be ridden on bike paths, trails, and most roads. However, laws and regulations regarding electric bikes vary by jurisdiction, so it's important to check local laws before riding. State regulations differ due to the maximum speed a particular electric bike can attain.

  • Class 1 electric bikes have a pedal assist system and a top speed of 20 mph. They are powered by a motor that assists the rider while pedaling. The rider must still pedal for the bike to move.
  • Class 2 electric bikes have a throttle-based system in addition to the pedal-assist system and a top speed of 20 mph. The rider can use the throttle to propel the bike without pedaling, or they can use the pedal assist system while pedaling.
  • Class 3 electric bikes have a pedal assist system and a top speed of 28 mph. They are similar to Class 1 electric bikes but can reach higher speeds. These bikes require the rider to wear a helmet as they are as fast as a low-powered motor vehicle.


Electric Bike Types: Pedal-Assist and Throttle

Electric bikes are further classified based on their assist modes, pedal-assist, and throttle types.

Pedal-Assist Electric Bike

These bikes have a small electric motor that assists the rider while pedaling. The rider can choose the level of assistance and pedal without assistance. Here are the advantages of riding a pedal-assist bike.

  • Increased efficiency:The pedal-assist feature allows the rider to cover more distance and tackle hills with less effort. This makes pedal-assist the best option for corporate individuals who need to reach their workspace without a sweat.
  • Increased safety:Pedal-assist electric bikes are designed to assist while the rider pedals. This means a rider can maintain a higher level of control and stability while riding.
  • Improved fitness: Even though the pedal-assist mechanism requires little effort from riders, you may choose to exert little force. This will help you keep in shape and burn excess calories as sweat.
  • Legal compliance: Riders must abide strictly by legal regulations while riding a pedal-assist bike. A pedal-assist bike is faster than a throttle electric bike, so the set regulations are to improve riders' safety.

Throttle Electric Bike

These bikes have a small electric motor that a throttle can control, similar to a motorbike. The rider does not need to pedal but can still pedal for extra assistance.

  • Longer range: Riders can reach a more extended range with throttle bikes than pedal-assist bikes. This is because little power is consumed while in motion, as the electric motor does not overwork the battery.
  • Increased convenience: The throttle electric bike is ideal for individuals seeking a leisurely ride. The rider. A propel without pedaling can be helpful for those with difficulty with pedaling.
  • Greater versatility:Throttle electric bikes are not limited to a particular commute purpose. They can be used for leisure riding, off-road riding, or running errands.

Electric Bike Types: Ride Terrain

Electric bikes are further classified into compatible terrains or types.

Cargo Electric Bike

Cargo electric bikes are designed for heavy duties like grocery shopping or conveying packages. They are built with features that will enhance their carriage capacity. These features include large frames, a cargo rack, and a longer wheelbase. The e-bikes are built with a longer wheelbase to improve stability while transporting heavy loads.

Unlike traditional bicycles, cargo e-bikes have a larger carrying capacity and are sometimes used to covey small furniture items. Since an electric motor powers cargo e-bikes, you can ride uphill or long distances with heavy loads. More interestingly, these electric bikes are versatile and can be used for daily commuting and flat terrain.

Beach Cruiser Bike

Beach cruiser bikes are designed for leisurely rides on flat terrains, such as a beach boardwalk. They have wide tires and a comfortable, upright riding position. This electric bike also features large seats and an easy-to-use pedal assist system. Besides leisure rides, they are also ideal for riding on hard-packed surfaces, such as boardwalks and bike paths. It is a fun way to get familiar with a new environment conveniently.

Mountain Electric Bike

As the name implies, this electric bike is best for climbing uphill or on mountains. They are designed for off-road use, with extra features like knobby tires. The knobby tires and powerful motors help the rider to handle rough terrains and steep inclines. Most of these mountain electric bikes are equipped with powerful and long-lasting batteries that can provide extra power to help you tackle challenging terrain. Some also have a throttle, allowing the rider to engage the electric motor without pedaling, making it a more versatile option.

Racing Electric Bikes

Racing electric bikes are specifically designed for sports competitions. They are built for speed and high performance, with lightweight frames and powerful motors. However, they are not the typical commute electric bikes, so they are considered illegal in most states. Due to the added level of assistance, they are ideal for racing activities. More so, there are some rules and limitations to consider when using these e-bikes for racing.

The governing body for international cycling, has a set of rules for e-bikes in competitions. However, not all races follow these rules. For example, some races may only allow e-bikes with a maximum power output of 250 watts, while others may not. Thus, confirm the specific rules and regulations surrounding racing in your province before purchasing this electric bike.

Another thing to bear in mind is the limitations that come with riding an electric racing bike. This type of e-bike is not flexible, so they cannot fit into the daily commute purpose. Due to the added motor and battery, they are also heavier than most regular electric bikes. This makes them more challenging to turn or maneuver. Thus, only professional riders can successfully use this type of electric bike.

Foldable Electric Bikes

Foldable electric bikes are the trendy or modern types you will find in the market today. This is due to its ease of usage and versatility. This type of electric bike is highly recommended for individuals who want to beat the high traffic rate in cities. They are also ideal for city dwellers who need to store their bikes in a small apartments. These foldable electric bikes typically feature lightweight and compact frames that can be quickly folded down to a smaller size.

Foldable is light and easily used for achieving riders' body fitness goals. Since foldable electric bikes have a lower motor power range than mountain bikes, you should check if a product can meet your commute demands before purchasing. You should also check the maximum range your electric bike can cover per charge. If you are using the Honbike Uni4 model, remember that the maximum range per single charge is 100 km.


Electric bike categories may be broad, but they perform the same benefits to riders and society at large. Electric bicycles are considered an eco-friendly mode of transportation because they use no fossil fuel. Thus, eco-oriented agencies and governments are encouraging electrically powered bikes. It is high time you adopt electric bikes today to contribute to solving the world carbon crisis.

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