Electric Bike 101: A Comprehensive Guide

Electric Bike 101: A Comprehensive Guide

Since the pandemic era was over, urban mobility has grown into adopting the electric mode of transportation. If you are considering joining the transportation trend, you need to gather adequate information. This will influence your buying decision, and choose the most suitable electric bike for you. Since manufacturers work tirelessly to produce diverse bike models and meet the needs of several customers, you need to know the different types available. You also need to know how e-bike works, particularly useful for individuals just learning how to ride. This information and more, shall you find out in this article as you read further.



How Electric Bikes Work

Electric bikes are similar to regular bikes, but with electrical components, particularly motors, and batteries. The motor system helps provide extra power or support to riders while pedaling. However, riders can control the level of assistance they receive through the handlebar-mounted control. Once the rider activates the pedal system, the electric bike sensor will signal to the motor system. Thus, you can ride through rough or hilly terrains efficiently.

Electric bicycles are also considered an environmentally friendly mode of transportation, due to the rechargeable battery component. You can easily charge it in a power outlet, to keep the electric bike running. Your electric bike’s battery capacity will also determine how far and fast your electric bike can go. Thus, manufacturers usually highlight the maximum range an electric bike battery can reach. For instance, Honbike states its Uni4 model can cover 100 km max per charge.

Types of Electric Bikes

Electric bikes are classified into various types, for easy identification. However, different factors define each category of electric bikes. Thus, you may come across the different types of electric bikes which are based on; assist level, motor type, and riding purpose.

Classes of Electric Bikes

E-bikes have three classes, which is the most common category. These are; class one, class two, and class three.

  • Class one electric bike: This class of electric bike is similar to the convection bike. The main difference is that riders need to apply the pedal before the bike starts the move. The class of electric bikes does not also have a throttle, but the bike motor can identify when it’s time to move. In addition, the maximum speed to ride a class one electric bike is 20mph.
  • Class two electric bike: This class of electric bike has both pedal and throttle features, so pedaling is not mandatory. Thus, it allows much riding flexibility, as you adjust the electric bike’s acceleration at will. Also, the maximum speed for riding this electric bike is 20mph.
  • Class threeelectric bike: The class three electric bike has a pedal assist, and sometimes has a throttle. It is the fastest class of electric bikes, with a maximum speed of 28mph. While some countries may not allow residents to ride this class of electric bike, others only permit it under certain conditions. For instance, you may ride the class 3 electric bike only when you wear a helmet; which is usually for safety purposes.

Different Electric Bike Motors

Electric bikes have two major motor types, which are rear hub and mid-drive motors. Each motor type has its advantage and disadvantages, but the rear hub motor type is the most popular.

  • Rear hub motor: A rear hub motor is usually located at the rear wheel of an electric bicycle. This motor type is found in several electric bikes, including the Honbike Uni4 and HF01 models. It is easy to install, and you need no special process or operation to fix the motor system. Also, the motor’s location at the rear hub provides a balanced and stable ride. The only downside of a rear hub motor is the added weight. However, modern manufacturers are implementing strategies that minimize the effect of the rear hub motor on the overall bike weight. For instance, Honbike manufacturers use an aluminum material in the bike frame, which is lightweight.
  • Mid-drive motor: The location of a mid-drive motor is different from the rear hub motor, which is a significant property used in distinguishing electric bikes. The mid-drive motor is located at the frame region, close to the pedal system. More so, this type of motor system is common among chain bikes and is also used for mountain or hilly rides. Thus, this type of motor is ideal for powerful rides or rides that involve challenging terrains.

Electric Bike Categories Based on Needs


Electric bikes are further categorized based on individual needs. Meanwhile, this is a vital criterion when choosing the most suitable bike for you. You should identify your needs, to choose the best bike features. This will also help you communicate properly with experts while seeking the best bike recommendation.

  • Cruiser electric bike:This type of electric bike is ideal for individuals who simply want to have fun while riding. It provides maximum support and comfort, as riders position themselves properly to explore the natural environment. It is also ideal for individuals who want to maintain a fun exercise routine, whether in the morning or at night.
  • Commuter/hybrid electric bike: Most commuter e-bikes like Honbike products, can fit into several riding needs. They are ideal for grocery visits, school rides, and even your evening outing with buddies. It is also perfect for getting around town, as the electric bikes are designed to travel a longer distance. 

Many commuter models are designed with modern features such as foldability and additional accessories. This is because they are the most ideal for city rides. Thus, the foldable feature help riders not to struggle with parking lots or sites. Accessories such as racks are also included, to allow riders to take along necessary items. They sometimes come with fenders, which are useful for wading off dirt, especially during winter.

  • Mountain/off-road electric bike: This type of electric bike has a high maximum speed, with high power output for riding through mountain regions. With the pedal-assist function, you can easily overcome challenging terrains without applying much effort. The class three electric bike is usually the best for this, as you enjoy a fast and smooth rider with your spouse and friend.

How to Pick the Right Electric Bicycle for You

Apart from needs, there are several other things you should consider when selecting an electric bike.

Choose the Appropriate Bike Weight

Only naive individuals will randomly pick an electric bike without confirming its maximum load capacity. If an electric bike is not ideal for your body weight, it will cause great discomfort and inconvenience while riding. You also need to understand that the maximum payload capacity of an electric bike usually includes extra luggage. Also, electric bike manufacturers often indicate recommended height, in order not to cause the rider to bend while in motion.

Consider the Bike Motor Power

You need to consider the level of assistance you want to receive from an electric bike. This decision should be based on our expertise level or riding skill. If you will be carrying heavy loads while riding or climbing uphill, you will need an electric bike with a powerful motor. This will also determine the most suitable class of electric bike for you.

Consider the Battery Range

As mentioned earlier, your electric bike battery plays a significant role in determining your distance level. Thus, consider how far you will be riding on a typical day, and choose an electric bike that can accommodate your needs. You may also consider the distance the electric bike can cover before needing maintenance. If you are riding a chained electric bike, you may need to stop and apply lubrication frequently while in motion. Meanwhile, this may wear out your bike battery and affect its performance. Thus, you may consider chainless bicycle models like Honbike’s Uni4, which can cover up to 10,000 km without maintenance for belt drive.

Consider Your Budget

Make sure to choose electric bikes that fit into your budget without compromising on values or quality. However, if it requires you to increase your budget, don’t hesitate. Thus, you need to plan and set your budget ahead of time. You may even research the average market price, so you can get a fair quote.


Understanding the basic concept of e-bike will not only prevent time wastage but also causes a smooth riding experience. With the knowledge shared in this guide, you wouldn’t be confused about choosing the most suitable electric bicycle among several options. It will also prevent you from investing in an electric bike you may never need. If you need further clarity on an electric bike and it’s operations, you should contact experts from reputable manufacturing brands.

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